The development of modernization processes in Europe and Japan were based on similar economic and class characteristics. These common characteristics include the accumulation of capital among feudal production systems in time and its reinvestment in production. However, in Ottoman society, the autonomous feudal unit had been allowed to exist and to produce wealth until 19th century. Production was not a crucial income source of the Ottoman Empire. This distinction displays the general characteristics and the determiners of the successes and failures of the modernization processes that began in the 19th century in Turkey and Japan. Although certain questions such as which values will prevail, whether there will be a distinction between culture and civilization, or which functions - religious or educational - will maintain still require attention, they cannot affect the success of modernization directly. In this sense, the aim of this paper is to compare the modernization process in Turkey and Japan in terms of socio-economic patterns in the 19th century.
Turkish modernization, historical materialism, social change, feudalism