1991'DEN 2002'YE KADAR SIERRA LEONE İÇ SAVAŞI'NIN DEMOGRAFIK VE EKONOMIK ETKILERI.

Author:

Number of pages: 165-180
Year-Number: 2022-57

Abstract

What are the Demographic and Economic Impacts of the Sierra Leonean Civil War from 1991 to 2002? The civil war in Sierra Leone caused deaths estimated between 100,000 and 200,000, refugees surrounded 820,000 people and displaced persons surrounded more than 1 million and as well as declines in economic performance during the civil war period. Sierra Leone remained in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) with an often negative annual economic growth sawtooth. Between 1991 and 2001 Sierra Leone recorded a negative annual economic growth rate averaging around -2%. At the same time, its Gross Domestic Product per Capita per year averaged around US$300 and its Gross National Product per Capita per year averaged around US$200. The demographic and economic impacts of the Sierra Leonean civil war were negative both socially and economically. By the end of this civil war in 2002, Sierra Leone's population and economy had plummeted. This demographic reduction and the increase in poverty are the harmful consequences of the civil war experienced by this country. During this civil war the people were not in peace and security to exercise economic activities. Peace and security are adequate conditions for social and economic development. So, theoretically and analytically, through demographic and economic data for each year between 1991 and 2002, we will try to highlight the demographic and economic impacts of the Sierra Leonean civil war.

Keywords

Abstract

What are the Demographic and Economic Impacts of the Sierra Leonean Civil War from 1991 to 2002? The civil war in Sierra Leone caused deaths estimated between 100,000 and 200,000, refugees surrounded 820,000 people and displaced persons surrounded more than 1 million and as well as declines in economic performance during the civil war period. Sierra Leone remained in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) with an often negative annual economic growth sawtooth. Between 1991 and 2001 Sierra Leone recorded a negative annual economic growth rate averaging around -2%. At the same time, its Gross Domestic Product per Capita per year averaged around US$300 and its Gross National Product per Capita per year averaged around US$200. The demographic and economic impacts of the Sierra Leonean civil war were negative both socially and economically. By the end of this civil war in 2002, Sierra Leone's population and economy had plummeted. This demographic reduction and the increase in poverty are the harmful consequences of the civil war experienced by this country. During this civil war the people were not in peace and security to exercise economic activities. Peace and security are adequate conditions for social and economic development. So, theoretically and analytically, through demographic and economic data for each year between 1991 and 2002, we will try to highlight the demographic and economic impacts of the Sierra Leonean civil war.

Keywords