I. Abdulhamid is a sultan who contributed to many innovations made in the last period of the Ottoman Empire. However, he deserves to be considered as a able statesman and even a man of culture beyond classical discourses of reign and caliphate. It closely follows the modern developments of its era and encourages all kinds of innovations in education, science, technology and art to be brought to the Ottoman geography. He is personally interested in cinema, theater, music and fine arts. Aesthetic sensitivity is very advanced with the contribution of special trainings since the young age. He was personally interested in music and painting and produced rare works in the wooden arts. In addition to establishing modern schools in many fields, it has established an art academy that maintains its importance and value in the field of fine arts. In all literature, first Academy of Fine Arts in Turkey, which Sanay-i Nefise Mektebi was founded by Osman Hamdi Bey. However, The role of II.Abdulhamid is never mentioned. However, it was the sultan himself who appointed Osman Hamdi Bey, the son of the Grand Vizier İbrahim Edhem, to the beginning of the first Archaeological Museum and encouraged the establishment of the Academy of Fine Arts. Both the Western world and its opponents produce negative images about II.Abdulhamid. Many organizations who took over the new Ottoman Empire, Turkey is unfortunately heritage of their roots severed the connection. However, with the postmodern approaches of the 21st century, the new generations also deal with the institutional structure of the Ottoman Empire in a scientific sense and the efforts of modernism in search of ideological perspectives. The aim of this study emphasize the role and contribution of Abdülhamid Khan in the establishment of the Sanay-i Nefise Mektebi. To be addressed in this respect and the basic objective of our recent history of modern Turkey is important to examine the academic institution.