Kâr is one of the oldest and the largest of secular Turkish Music forms, as well as one of the longest and artistic, bearing a comprehensive makam element. Earlier studies concerning the relationship between arûz meters of the lyrics of vocal pieces of Turkish Music and the rhythmic usûl structure used in these pieces concluded with the suggestion that such a relationship exists in some special cases. The present study identifies that 25 of the 51 Kâr listed within the TRT Turkish Art Music Vocal Pieces Repertoire were composed using the usûl “Hafif”, and determines the arûz meters for the lyrics of 24 of these pieces. It was seen that 8 different arûz meters were used in the lyrics of the corpus studied, consisting of 12 pieces with the lyrics written in the bahir “Hezec”, 10 in “Remel”, one in “Müctes” and one in “Muzâri”. The paper investigates the usûl–arûz relationship for the 24 Kâr through juxtaposing the concordance of the arûz meter, lyrics, the main beats of usûl “Hafif” and its variations. The analysis revealed that some Kâr were seen to resort to a repeated use of part of the lyrics, other rhythmic word groups called terennüm or other syllables. In some instances, double use of either the arûz meter or the usûl was employed. As for the concordance of the arûz meter with the usûl, while there are similarities from one piece to another suggesting a certain pattern, there also seem to be deviations from this pattern.
Kâr, Usûl (Rhytm), The “hafif usûl”, Arûz
|Author :||Volkan KOPAR|
|Number of pages:||40-69|