It is known that Fatma Aliye Hanım has long been referred as the first female novelist in Turkish literature. However, Zehra Toska declared in her seminar about “The Social and Cultural Position of Anatolian Women from Prehistory to Present”in 1994 that Zafer Hanım wrote her novel Aşk-ı Vatan in 1877,which toppled Fatma Aliye Hanım known to be the first woman novelist from her throne. Written by a female novelist -Zafer Hanım-, who lived in the early 19th century, the novel Aşk-ı Vatan includes social and individual symbols, and touches to the spiritual realm of both the contemporary women and Zafer Hanım through unconscious symbols which the writer included unintentionally into her novel. When the text is carefully examined, it is seen that Zafer Hanim frequently used the symbols which remind the woman like sea, rose, room, and acted as an escape space reminding mother. This attitude, besides Zafer Hanim, reveals the melancholic and woeful Ottoman society which is being solved. The purpose of this study is to analyze at conscious-subconscious level the work Aşk-ı Vatan written by Zafer Hanım, about whom not much detail is known other than being the first female Turkish novelist, based on Sigmund Freud’s theory using the psychoanalytic literary criticism method.
Women, Turkish Literature, novel, Zafer Hanım, psychoanalytic literary criticism.