ISSN:2149-0821

AN ANALYSIS ON LUIS BUNUEL’S SURREAL CINEMA IN THE CONTEXT OF JACQUES LACAN’S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY


Famous psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan had often associated philosophy with psychoanalysis, and emphasized the indispensability of the unconscious in explaining the individual's relationship with reality. Lacan, who interpreted the communication as a successful misunderstanding, was more interested in what was not said and considered studying only human behavior to be an insufficient effort. Spanish filmmaker Luis Bunuel had also taken a dim view of the linear expression of traditional cinema and its rational relations, and believed that it is necessary to go beyond all kinds of clarity in understanding humanity. Finding rational evaluations to be quite far from being illuminating, the director preferred surrealism. Lacan's works are directed at revealing that the unconscious is structured like a language, and therefore it is not an insoluble darkness, but resembles a puzzle containing the person in its entirety. Weaving its clues to the screen in a way that is close to the ideas of Lacan, Bunuel has always given us more than a single choice regarding humanity, and has never shown stories evolving within the framework of specific formulas. Jacques Lacan's search for humanity in the unconscious shows considerable parallelism with the fact that people and events do not fit into a rational composition in the context of time and place in Bunuel's cinema.


Keywords


Luis Bunuel, Jacques Lacan, Psychoanalysis, Surrealism, Unconscious

Author : Hilal Sureyya YİLMAZ
Number of pages: 276-290
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16990/SOBIDER.5102
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