ISSN:2149-0821

THE YEARS OF ISMET PASHA AND THE MAJOR EVENTS OF THE TIME ON THE WAY TO THE COUP D'ETAT AND THE NEW CONSTITUTION


While the victors of the II. World War were progressing to establish a new world order, Turkey, where the Single-Party rule was in power, could not exclude itself from this process in the face of internal and external developments; and even the President of the time, İsmet İnönü contributed to this change in the context of Turkey. Democrat Party, which came to power by gaining the favor of the people by democratic means, violated certain provisions of the constitution between the years 1950 and 1960. One of the oppressive actions under the rule of the DP was repressing the Republican People's Party that was entrusted by people to oppose. The tension between the parties and leaders also showed its impact on the Turkish Armed Forces and paved the way for various organizations. These organizations aimed to overthrow the government from power by staging a coup d'etat. The DP rule was ceased with the coup d'etat which took place on 27 May 1960. The new constitution was approved as a result of a referendum in 1961. İsmet İnönü was present in the Constituent Assembly in the constitution-making process and ensured that the demands of his party were included in the new constitution to a considerable extent. A referendum was held for the approval of the new constitution and the contribution of İsmet İnönü in this process was passed into history.


Keywords


Republican People's Party, Democrat Party İsmet İnönü, 27 May coup d'état, 1961 Constitution

Author : Bülent KARA - Sultan ARSLANKAYA
Number of pages: 336-357
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/SOBIDER.39747
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The Journal of Social Sciences
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