When we evaluate Classical Turkish Poetry with its dimensions, it is seen that it is entirely composed of pieces that are interfered within each other. Aforementioned pieces, that are related with each other, become more meaningful when they are evaluated together. These pieces, that cannot be taken into account as if they are a pile of words, should be taken as a whole historically and culturally. It is essential to follow a method from particular to general and then vice versa in order to give a meaning to the word and convert it to a concept. After this way, some concepts, that can gain meaning and be mentioned as a whole, reveal some components called type. All in all, type or types, by which the poet tries to convey his message through poem with criticizing and acts with, takes the leading roles of the poem. We learn many things such as the mythology, folklore, perception of aesthetics, intellect of love, historical and geographical elements, mechanism of power and state, issues of society, tradition, economical structure, normative values, Arabic and Persian influences on Turkish culture and cultural life, travels of conquests, sufism and religious structure with the help of types. However, only the text-based study cannot be sufficient for this. To support the types in the text with theoretical knowledge and documents help types to be based on their firm basis. To consult other references is also important for this subject. In the scope of our work, this subject is taken into account and concept of type is elobrated as a terminological meaning and its reflection in Turkish poetry is analyzed within the views of different researchers.


classical poetry, type, character, personality

Author : Mehmet Furkan ÇELİK
Number of pages: 302-310
Full text:
The Journal of Social Sciences
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