Sculpture is different from painting, drawing and photography, which creates a three-dimensional effect on the two-dimensional surface. By turning to our perception capacity, it exists in a truly three-dimensional way, far from illusion. Most of the sculptures in the past are shaped to highlight it, giving priority to the arrangement of the mass. Void are secondary elements that contribute to the presence of mass. Along with modernism, in the first half of the 20th century, void is considered an element of the sculptural form. Cubist artists are the first to realize the importance of the void in three-dimensional forms by revealing the interior elements by entering into the sculpture volumes. This is the beginning of the process where the void is handled and even preceded by mass, like mass. In the article, the concept of void will be evaluated from the works of art in terms of the basic components of the sculpture, which provides the most direct experience about three dimensions and volume.
Sculpture, form, void, mass, volume