LOOKING INTO THE ART OF FRANÇOİS MİLLET BY REGARDING SOIL AND LABOR
TOPRAK VE EMEK ÜZERİNDEN FRANÇOİS MİLLET’NİN SANATINA BAKMAK

Author : İhsanur ÖMÜR - Neslihan Özgenç ERDOĞDU
Number of pages : 596-605

Abstract

Soil is one of the primary factors that also make people dependent on itself culturally and economically apart from its vital importance. The commercial relations which were formed as a result of soil-dependent production have created a basis for structuring today's cities by increasing the economic activity and creating an alternative living space for rural life. So, the rural and city area have separated from each other both economically and culturally on geography. All these socialization processes created social classes at the same time and the owned land played an important role in the formation of states as a necessary value which was needed to be protected. The feudal system ruling Medieval Europe also emerged in this direction. Peasant and land labourers took over the entire burden of the feudal system which dominated economically soil-dependent Medieval Europe. However, the peasants were trivialized by the aristocracy and bourgeoisie in terms of the social class despite this burden and made invisible in the field of art. Together with the process started with the French Revolution 1789, there were class conflicts including villagers and the effect of all process reflected in the field of art. The realism movement emerged as a result of these processes. François Millet who is one of the pioneers of realism made a revolutionary breakthrough in terms of the issues that he dealt with. The artist, who handled the difficult life of the peasant and land workers that was made invisible in the art history for centuries in his pictures, put the reality in the face of idealized lives of art history. The purpose of this study is to deal with the works of François Millet together with the historical conditions of the period in terms of soil and labour and to analyze works in this direction.

Keywords

Soil, Work, Peasant, Realism, François Millet

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