SHELTERS AND HOUSİNG IN DISASTERS: DESIGNS USED TODAY AS BOTH SHELTER AND HOUSİNG
AFETLERDE BARINAK VE SIĞINAKLAR: GÜNÜMÜZDE HEM BARINAK HEM SIĞINAK OLARAK KULLANILAN TASARIMLAR

Author : Deren DOĞAN
Number of pages : 568-583

Abstract

Many disasters occur in the world and cause material and moral difficulties in people. Even if there are many types of disasters, all have a common feature that they cause great losses and that most disasters occur in a very short time and cannot be prevented by people. We need refuge to minimize damage and ensure our safety, and shelters to meet our basic post-disaster needs. In this study, varieties and properties of shelters and housings are explained by giving examples from the world. With the increasing importance of the search for solutions as a result of the loss of lives and property of people in disasters, and with the advancement of technology, housing and shelter designs have been replaced by designs where human needs are made in more detail. Even today, designs that combine these two concepts have emerged. The housings and shelters (houses, public spaces) that people build to protect themselves from sudden events and disasters also meet their housing needs after the disaster. In the following parts of this study, this issue was mentioned and by giving examples from the world, it was requested to help and source the next studies and designs.

Keywords

Disasters, Natural Disasters, Housing, Shelter, Design

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