In his article entitled “The End of History?” published in The National Interest, political observer Francis Fukuyama propounds that the events that took place in the Soviet Union after the Cold War not only marked the collapse of socialism but also marked the end of the political and social evolution of humanity and the end of history. He emphasizes that liberalism, the latest viable alternative to the social system, which supports this argument, goes beyond its predecessors or modern alternatives, and the desire to find the good for social systems changes direction towards complex consumption demands. He puts Hegel, as he quotes from Alexandre Kojéve, against the Marxist perspective, which associates the emergence of social systems only with meeting the material needs of people. In this respect, he claims that people are repositioning themselves in the modern world with the desire to be accepted in society, rather than being a commodity in society. In line with these arguments, he aims to critically explain the End of History thesis, which has turned into a theory of historical progress in the article, in line with the conditions of the modern world.
End of History, Rational self, Modernity, Liberalism, Hegel, Ideology.