In the western society where modern painting was born, the intense pressure of academism, which continued its dominance on painting until the 19th century, is felt. With the 19th century, the Impressionists started to produce works of art against academism. In addition, with the technological developments in this period, the invention of the camera and the influence of the cinema, with the emergence of “new art movements” one after the other, these new searches pushed the artists to examine the traditional and local arts of Islam and the Far East. In this period, it is seen that western artists emulated Islamic calligraphy in their paintings with the influence of Islamic and Eastern art. The interest in Islamic calligraphy that started in Western painting also affects modern Turkish painting. Erol Akyavaş, one of the important artists of contemporary Turkish painting, becomes one of our rare artists who are inspired by Islamic calligraphy in his paintings and succeed in melting traditional and modern painting in Turkish painting. In his paintings, the fiction that expands circle by circle creates the desired space geometry, draws attention. With a habit gained from architectural formation and a construction discipline, he re-designs the plastic world in his paintings. In Akyavaş's painting language, we can undoubtedly see the features of his worldview, belief and aesthetics. Akyavas sensitivity to Islamic art, the development of political entities in the religious formation in Turkey has emerged in parallel. Sufism has always been deeply affiliated with some of the key figures of Islamic mysticism, and embroidered some symbols of the art of Calligraphy and Miniature into his works with great pleasure and enthusiasm in his visual road map. His dark relations with Mevlana and Hallacı Mansur developed afterwards. Although Erol Akyavaş spent most of his life in America, he was very successful in applying the synthesis of modernism and tradition. In the face of the dizzying development of the age, we know that there is a tendency that shifts from the abstract to the abstract and from the outside world to the interior. Akyavaş is a Turkish artist who goes deep into mystical thought and uses Islamic calligraphy in his paintings. In this study, the influences of mysticism and Islamic calligraphy in Erol Akyavaş's paintings, as well as the artist's life philosophy, artistic life and his contributions to contemporary Turkish painting were examined. In this study, the paintings that Erol Akyavaş produced with his interest in Sufism and the tendency of Islamic calligraphy were examined and the picture analysis was done by scanning the literature.
Erol Akyavaş, Painting, Islamic Calligraphy, Sufism, Traditional.