One of the most important cultural reforms in the Turkish Republic was in 1933 when Swiss pedagogy professor Albert Malche was commissioned to prepare a reform plan for the universities. According to the report, a new university was to be created and for contemporary and scientific mentality, academics were to be brought from abroad. Another very important factor for this period, known as the configuration of the academic education, was the common ground shared with Nazi Germany’s ‘academic’ victims. During this reform period, Jewish academics as well as German academics opposing German Nazi regime under the Rule of Hitler were forced to leave their country. Due to intensive efforts on the side of the “Community of German Scientists Abroad” established by refugee scientists in Switzerland as well as of Prof. Malche, duly authorized negotiator of the Turkish government, these scientists were placed at the universities within the framework of this “reform plan”.
Republic, university reform, Nazi Germany, academic refugees
|Author :||Ali SERTPOLAT|
|Number of pages:||26-43|