The aim of this study is to investigate how the makam of a Turkish Classical Music excerpt and its acoustical characteristics affects emotional responses to it. 85 participants have been individually participated in a room and their responses have been collected by a computer application. Participants were assigned to experiment groups via random selection. Each participant listened to four musical excerpts as their physiological responses were being recorded. Afterwards, their verbal responses were taken on affect grid and analog-visual scales. In accordance with the aim of the study, a two-way repeated factorial variance analysis (ANOVA) was applied for a 4 makam (2 “Rast” and 2“Huzzam”) x 5 play (no music, fast-simple, fast-complex, slow-simple and slow-complex) pattern. Analysis results of verbal responses have shown that melodies in “Rast” makam were received more favorably than the melodies in “Huzzam” makam. The results have also shown that the melodies played fast and in a complex manner were favored more. The fast-played melodies received favorable responses in verbal scales. Melodies in “Rast” makam (whether played fast-simple, slow-simple or slow-complex) invoked faster heartbeat rhythms in listeners than “Huzzam” melodies played in the same manners.
emotion, Turkish Classical Music, makam, physiological responses, emotional reactions