A CRITICAL APPROACH TOWARDS THE RE-EVALULATION OF OCCASION OF REVELATION REPORTS REGARDING THE CHAPTER ABASA
ABESE SÛRESİ’NİN SEBEB-İ NÜZÛLÜ’NE DÂİR RİVÂYETİN TAHLÎLİ

Author : Davut AYDÜZ
Number of pages : 1-15

Abstract

Muslim exegetes disagree in the interpretation of many Qur'anic verses and similarly they provide opposing views regarding the explanation of the few verses at the beginning of Chapter Abasa. While some argue on the basis of the existent prophetic tradition that these verses warn and criticise the Prophet whereas others express their dissatisfaction with this commnet and discuss the alternative meanings concerning the elaboration of these verses. Surely, the first few verses of Chapter Abasa at first glance seems a divine warning for the Prophet (pbuh). In this article we deal with the famous exegetical (occasion of revelation) reports. And then we re-evaluate the chains of isnad of these reports critically. Furthermore, we analyse the words in the first verse of the Chapter in the textual context of the Qur’an. And finally we focus on the notion of the prophetic immunity from sin and primarely how the Prophet Muhammad’s sinless nature become clear. As it is very welknown that the Prophet Muhammad was sent with perfect manner and it is impossible to think that he disregarded or completely ignored a blind man. Thus we exerted utmost effort in proving that the Prophet never neglected his prophetic mission and acted prudently and we will give our own translations in relation to these verses.

Keywords

The Chapter Abasa, The Qur’an, exegesis, occasion of revelation (sabab al-nuzul), free from sin (ism

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