Intellectual property rights have become a field of research that is increasingly evolving internationally to the competitive dimension. Competition between countries has led to a tendency towards patent registrations that are valid in the international arena as national patent offices have binding and validity only in the country where the registration is made. In this sense, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the European Patent Office are regarded as roofing organizations on an international level. In this context, especially when the arrangements made in international patent legislation are examined, the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the European Patent Treaty and the Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights Treaty are of great importance. In the light of EPO statistical data, it is seen that the patent applications submitted in 2014 within the framework of EPC and PCT were the first in the USA with the rate of 26% and the patents sent from the USA with the rate of 22% were accepted. When the applications made in the same year are examined, it is seen that 64% of Multi-National Enterprises apply for patent and Samsung is number one in the world and the most patent application area is medical technology field. According to the European Patent Office (EPO) 2017 Annual Report, patent applications increased by .3.9%, while the most applicants were the USA (42,300), Germany (25,490), Japan (21,712), France (10,559) and China (8,330). It has been. The field in which most European patent applications were filed was medical technologies followed by digital communications and computer technologies. In 2016 510 from Turkey, while in 2017 an increase of 892% 74,9'luk European patent application is made.
Intellectual Property Rights, EPC, EPO, DTÖ TRIPS
|Author :||Cihan CILBIRCIOĞLU - Hakkı ÇILGINOĞLU|
|Number of pages:||180-192|