ISSN:2149-0821

THE CONCEPT OF “US” AS A SUFI PERCEPTION IN THE GHAZALS OF FEHÎM-İ KADÎM


In the doctrine of Sufism, God created existence to be known and loved. The only creature among the created things that knows and loves it is the human being. God has blown her/his mortal body from its own soul and made her/his alive forever. The person who collects the attributes of his Celal and Cemal in himself has been sent down to the world by falling apart from his native land. The next effort of the human being is to reach the homeland and the whole and to reach the “insan-ı kamil (perfect human)” maqam by completing the ring of creation After Allah sent man down to earth, he did not abandon him, he sent prophets to them. After the last Prophet Muhammad, Allah sent them lovers of Hak who guides them and illuminates their paths and Hak made these lovers, who are the heirs of the Prophet, know the secrets of the knowledge of the divine whom the revelers revealed to the heart of the prophets. Therefore, Sufism is the science of the batinite, and since it is not possible to have a poetic language, some symbols have been used and analogies have been made that would prejudice the mind. Fehîm-i Kadîm tried to convey both the characteristics of the narrators / minstrels and the unexplained intense feelings that they felt by synthesizing the batinite dimension of Sufism with the intricate structure of Sebk-i Hindî and processing it in ghazals in a poetic expression.


Keywords


Fehim-i Kadim, Sebk-i Hindi, lover, perfect human

Author : Gül Nihal KUL
Number of pages: 448-460
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/SOBIDER.39829
Full text:
The Journal of Social Sciences
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