ISSN:2149-0821

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN NORTHERN IRAQ (1918 - 2011)


The Mosul Question could not be solved with the Treaty of Lausanne and Mosul was officially connected to Iraq with the Ankara Treaty (1926). Against the Iraqi government, the Kurds, who constantly rebelled under the leadership of the Barzani tribe (1931, 1943, 1959, 1961, 1964-1969, 1974-1975), With a law enacted in 1974, they achieved gains such as the establishment of an autonomous administration including Erbil, Dohuk and Sulaymaniyah and the official language of Kurdish. Because the Kurds wanted Kirkuk, the clashes continued and they lost all of their gains with the Algerian Agreement (1975). The Iraqi Kurds started a new political structuring in the 1990s thanks to the lack of authority in Iraq. After the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, they became the most important political actor after the Shiites. An autonomous administration was established, including Arbil, Dohuk and Sulaymaniyah, which was also adopted by the Iraqi Constitution. However, the Kurds continue to have problems with the Iraqi Government due to their demands to add Kirkuk to their borders and the sharing of oil revenues.


Keywords


Kurdish, Iraq, Barzani, PDK, PUK

Author : Mehmet Bora SANYÜREK
Number of pages: 263-282
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/SOBIDER.40049
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