ISSN:2149-0821

EDUCATION AFTER REFORMS IN MINORITIES AND FOREIGN INSTITUTES WITH STATUTE ON EDUCATION IN OTTOMAN STATE


The Ottoman State has always been under the supervision and control of the West since at least 500 years ago, in the fields of economic, military and education, especially in terms of administration and finances. Educational institutions have a valuable role in the strengthening and development of a country, ensuring continuity by transferring its culture and techniques from generation to generation, and even preparing people for ever-changing living conditions. Considering this situation, Ottoman administrators of the Tanzimat era initiated important activities for the correction of those who cannot perform their duties properly within the existing educational institutions and established modern schools. The Ottoman State has consisted of various ethnic communities with approximately 20 million square kilometres area. These groups were never considered by the administration with their ethnic origins but were regarded as a nation in the sense of their beliefs and sects within their beliefs. These religious communities were free to speak their language and to preserve their religious and educational institutions and culture. The freedom of religion and conscience given to almost all minorities was reflected in the field of education and training.


Keywords


Education, Tanzimat, Ottoman, Foreigner, Minority, School

Author : Ahmet Rıfat GÜZEY
Number of pages: 124-144
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/SOBIDER.40282
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The Journal of Social Sciences
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