ISSN:2149-0821

USE OF VINE PLANT (Vitris vinifera L.) IN MEDIEVAL ANATOLIA ACCORDING TO EARLY TURKISH MEDICAL LITERATURE


In this study we listed use of vine plant in human health from the early written or translated Turkish medical literature in Medieval Anatolia. Literary works chosen for this study belong to 13th to 15th century. There are more books from that time about those subjects, but the books were chosen are the most famous and influential ones. Another reason for not using all books is that the books that are not chosen also have the exact information about this particular subject. For that reason, sampling method is regarded as adequate. Vine plant has been one of the most important plants in Anatolia since the dark ages. Viticulture was common and various vine products were used. During medieval ages, plant kept its importance and was continued to be cultivated. There are various information in Anatolian Medieval sources about viticulture and grape. Those information lead us to how vine plant was important in nutrition, social life and literature. According to that, grape was not only consumed as fruit, but also consumed as dried grape, unripe grape, vinegar, wine, vine leaves, sticks and shells used in foods and medical treatments frequently. We also know that grape was used for health after various processes. Squeezing, pressing, purifying and crushing, boiling and putting in vinegar for some time are examples of those processes. This very important plant of Anatolia was used for “preventive medicine” as well as treatment attempts of certain diseases according to medieval medical books. Most of the treatment methods were for common people who could easily obtain this plant to prepare the medicine at home. We listed that use of the plant in our study.


Keywords


Early Turkish Medical Literature, Vine Plant (Vitis vinifera L.), Vine, Medieval-Anatolia.

Author : Meryem GÜRBÜZ
Number of pages: 33-44
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/SOBIDER.40623
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