SURRE-İ HÜMAYUN AND THE FOUNDATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF HOSPITALITY: “SURRE EXAMPLES OF FATMA SULTAN FROM THE DARÜLHADİS FOUNDATION, SENT TO HAREMEYN-I ŞERIFE, IN THE YEAR OF 1730”
HAYIRSEVERLİK BAĞLAMINDA SURRE-İ HÜMAYUN VE VAKIFLAR “ FATMA SULTAN’IN DARÜLHADİS VAKFINDAN 1730 YILINDA HAREMEYN-İ ŞERİFE’E GÖNDERİLEN SURRE ÖRNEKLERİ” YILINDA HAREMEYN-İ ŞERİFE’E GÖNDERİLEN SURRE ÖRNEKLERİ”

Author : Gülşah AYDINEL İNCE
Number of pages : 445-460

Summary

The tradition of sending surras to the Haremeyn cities, has been one of the cornerstones of philanthropy, in the Islamic civilization. The tradition was started by the Abbasid caliph, El-Mehdi (775-785), and flourished to the fullest by the age of Çelebi Mehmed (1413-1421), according to the widely accepted views within the levels of the Ottoman state. The importance of the aforementioned tradition was preserved due to the rule over Egypt, by Yavuz Sultan Selim Han, and continued up until the last stages of the empire. These aids sent to Haremeyn-i Şerifeyn were recorded with great delicacy, due to their spiritual and political importance, and the books containing various information about these aids were named as the “Surre Records.” The “Surre Records,” which constitute a major place in the Ottoman archives, are integral in the fact that they enable the evaluations to be made on socio-cultural, political and economic matters, by the researchers of respected fields. Accordingly, the article will examine the “Surre Records” numbered 1048 and 1052, sent from the Darülhadis and it’s Library Foundation of Fatma Sultan, to Mecca and Madina, in the year of 1730.

Keywords

Surre, Haremeyn-i Şerifeyn, Surre Records, Mecca, Madina, Darülhadis

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